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markdown.py

#!/usr/bin/env python

# The following constant specifies the name used in the usage
# statement displayed for python versions lower than 2.3.  (With
# python2.3 and higher the usage statement is generated by optparse
# and uses the actual name of the executable called.)

EXECUTABLE_NAME_FOR_USAGE = "python markdown.py"

SPEED_TEST = 0

"""
====================================================================
IF YOA ARE LOOKING TO EXTEND MARKDOWN, SEE THE "FOOTNOTES" SECTION
====================================================================

Python-Markdown
===============

Converts Markdown to HTML.  Basic usage as a module:

    import markdown
    html = markdown.markdown(your_text_string)

Started by [Manfred Stienstra](http://www.dwerg.net/).  Continued and
maintained  by [Yuri Takhteyev](http://www.freewisdom.org).

Project website: http://www.freewisdom.org/projects/python-markdown
Contact: yuri [at] freewisdom.org

License: GPL 2 (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html) or BSD

Version: 1.5a (July 9, 2006)

For changelog, see end of file
"""

import re, sys, os, random, codecs

# set debug level: 3 none, 2 critical, 1 informative, 0 all
(VERBOSE, INFO, CRITICAL, NONE) = range(4)

MESSAGE_THRESHOLD = CRITICAL

def message(level, text) :
    if level >= MESSAGE_THRESHOLD :
        print text


# --------------- CONSTANTS YOU MIGHT WANT TO MODIFY -----------------

# all tabs will be expanded to up to this many spaces
TAB_LENGTH = 4
ENABLE_ATTRIBUTES = 1
SMART_EMPHASIS = 1

# --------------- CONSTANTS YOU _SHOULD NOT_ HAVE TO CHANGE ----------

# a template for html placeholders
HTML_PLACEHOLDER_PREFIX = "qaodmasdkwaspemas"
HTML_PLACEHOLDER = HTML_PLACEHOLDER_PREFIX + "%dajkqlsmdqpakldnzsdfls"

BLOCK_LEVEL_ELEMENTS = ['p', 'div', 'blockquote', 'pre', 'table',
                        'dl', 'ol', 'ul', 'script', 'noscript',
                        'form', 'fieldset', 'iframe', 'math', 'ins',
                        'del', 'hr', 'hr/', 'style']

def is_block_level (tag) :
    return ( (tag in BLOCK_LEVEL_ELEMENTS) or
             (tag[0] == 'h' and tag[1] in "0123456789") )

"""
======================================================================
========================== NANODOM ===================================
======================================================================

The three classes below implement some of the most basic DOM
methods.  I use this instead of minidom because I need a simpler
functionality and do not want to require additional libraries.

Importantly, NanoDom does not do normalization, which is what we
want. It also adds extra white space when converting DOM to string
"""


class Document :

    def appendChild(self, child) :
        self.documentElement = child
        child.parent = self
        self.entities = {}

    def createElement(self, tag, textNode=None) :
        el = Element(tag)
        el.doc = self
        if textNode :
            el.appendChild(self.createTextNode(textNode))
        return el

    def createTextNode(self, text) :
        node = TextNode(text)
        node.doc = self
        return node

    def createEntityReference(self, entity):
        if entity not in self.entities:
            self.entities[entity] = EntityReference(entity)
        return self.entities[entity]

    def toxml (self) :
        return self.documentElement.toxml()

    def normalizeEntities(self, text) :

        pairs = [ ("&", "&"),
                  ("<", "&lt;"),
                  (">", "&gt;"),
                  ("\"", "&quot;")]


        for old, new in pairs :
            text = text.replace(old, new)
        return text

    def find(self, test) :
        return self.documentElement.find(test)

    def unlink(self) :
        self.documentElement.unlink()
        self.documentElement = None


class Element :

    type = "element"

    def __init__ (self, tag) :

        self.nodeName = tag
        self.attributes = []
        self.attribute_values = {}
        self.childNodes = []

    def unlink(self) :
        for child in self.childNodes :
            if child.type == "element" :
                child.unlink()
        self.childNodes = None

    def setAttribute(self, attr, value) :
        if not attr in self.attributes :
            self.attributes.append(attr)

        self.attribute_values[attr] = value

    def insertChild(self, position, child) :
        self.childNodes.insert(position, child)
        child.parent = self

    def removeChild(self, child) :
        self.childNodes.remove(child)

    def replaceChild(self, oldChild, newChild) :
        position = self.childNodes.index(oldChild)
        self.removeChild(oldChild)
        self.insertChild(position, newChild)

    def appendChild(self, child) :
        self.childNodes.append(child)
        child.parent = self

    def handleAttributes(self) :
        pass

    def find(self, test, depth=0) :
        """ Returns a list of descendants that pass the test function """
        matched_nodes = []
        for child in self.childNodes :
            if test(child) :
                matched_nodes.append(child)
            if child.type == "element" :
                matched_nodes += child.find(test, depth+1)
        return matched_nodes

    def toxml(self):
        if ENABLE_ATTRIBUTES :
            for child in self.childNodes:
                child.handleAttributes()
        buffer = ""
        if self.nodeName in ['h1', 'h2', 'h3', 'h4'] :
            buffer += "\n"
        elif self.nodeName in ['li'] :
            buffer += "\n "
        buffer += "<" + self.nodeName
        for attr in self.attributes :
            value = self.attribute_values[attr]
            value = self.doc.normalizeEntities(value)
            buffer += ' %s="%s"' % (attr, value)
        if self.childNodes or self.nodeName in ['blockquote']:
            buffer += ">"
            for child in self.childNodes :
                buffer += child.toxml()
            if self.nodeName == 'p' :
                buffer += "\n"
            elif self.nodeName == 'li' :
                buffer += "\n "
            buffer += "</%s>" % self.nodeName
        else :
            buffer += "/>"
        if self.nodeName in ['p', 'li', 'ul', 'ol',
                             'h1', 'h2', 'h3', 'h4'] :
            buffer += "\n"

        return buffer


class TextNode :

    type = "text"
    attrRegExp = re.compile(r'\{@([^\}]*)=([^\}]*)}') # {@id=123}

    def __init__ (self, text) :
        self.value = text        

    def attributeCallback(self, match) :
        self.parent.setAttribute(match.group(1), match.group(2))

    def handleAttributes(self) :
        self.value = self.attrRegExp.sub(self.attributeCallback, self.value)

    def toxml(self) :
        text = self.value
        if not text.startswith(HTML_PLACEHOLDER_PREFIX):
            if self.parent.nodeName == "p" :
                text = text.replace("\n", "\n   ")
            elif (self.parent.nodeName == "li"
                  and self.parent.childNodes[0]==self):
                text = "\n     " + text.replace("\n", "\n     ")
        text = self.doc.normalizeEntities(text)
        return text


class EntityReference:

    type = "entity_ref"

    def __init__(self, entity):
        self.entity = entity

    def handleAttributes(self):
        pass

    def toxml(self):
        return "&" + self.entity + ";"


"""
======================================================================
========================== PRE-PROCESSORS ============================
======================================================================

Preprocessors munge source text before we start doing anything too
complicated.

Each preprocessor implements a "run" method that takes a pointer to a list of lines of the document,
modifies it as necessary and returns either the same pointer or a
pointer to a new list.  Preprocessors must extend
markdown.Preprocessor.

"""


class Preprocessor :
    pass


00277 class HeaderPreprocessor (Preprocessor):

    """
       Replaces underlined headers with hashed headers to avoid
       the nead for lookahead later.
    """

    def run (self, lines) :

        i = -1
        while i+1 < len(lines) :
            i = i+1
            if not lines[i].strip() :
                continue

            if lines[i].startswith("#") :
                lines.insert(i+1, "\n")

            if (i+1 <= len(lines)
                  and lines[i+1]
                  and lines[i+1][0] in ['-', '=']) :

                underline = lines[i+1].strip()

                if underline == "="*len(underline) :
                    lines[i] = "# " + lines[i].strip()
                    lines[i+1] = ""
                elif underline == "-"*len(underline) :
                    lines[i] = "## " + lines[i].strip()
                    lines[i+1] = ""

        #for l in lines :
        #    print l.encode('utf8')
        #sys.exit(0)

        return lines

HEADER_PREPROCESSOR = HeaderPreprocessor()

00316 class LinePreprocessor (Preprocessor):
    """Deals with HR lines (needs to be done before processing lists)"""

    def run (self, lines) :
        for i in range(len(lines)) :
            if self._isLine(lines[i]) :
                lines[i] = "<hr />"
        return lines

00325     def _isLine(self, block) :
        """Determines if a block should be replaced with an <HR>"""
        if block.startswith("    ") : return 0  # a code block
        text = "".join([x for x in block if not x.isspace()])
        if len(text) <= 2 :
            return 0
        for pattern in ['isline1', 'isline2', 'isline3'] :
            m = RE.regExp[pattern].match(text)
            if (m and m.group(1)) :
                return 1
        else:
            return 0

LINE_PREPROCESSOR = LinePreprocessor()


00341 class LineBreaksPreprocessor (Preprocessor):
    """Replaces double spaces at the end of the lines with <br/ >."""

    def run (self, lines) :
        for i in range(len(lines)) :
            if (lines[i].endswith("  ")
                and not RE.regExp['tabbed'].match(lines[i]) ):
                lines[i] += "<br />"
        return lines

LINE_BREAKS_PREPROCESSOR = LineBreaksPreprocessor()


00354 class HtmlBlockPreprocessor (Preprocessor):
    """Removes html blocks from self.lines"""
    
    def _get_left_tag(self, block):
        return block[1:].replace(">", " ", 1).split()[0].lower()


    def _get_right_tag(self, left_tag, block):
        return block.rstrip()[-len(left_tag)-2:-1].lower()

    def _equal_tags(self, left_tag, right_tag):
        if left_tag in ['?', '?php', 'div'] : # handle PHP, etc.
            return True
        if ("/" + left_tag) == right_tag:
            return True
        elif left_tag == right_tag[1:] \
            and right_tag[0] != "<":
            return True
        else:
            return False

    def _is_oneliner(self, tag):
        return (tag in ['hr', 'hr/'])

    
    def run (self, lines) :
        new_blocks = []
        text = "\n".join(lines)
        text = text.split("\n\n")
        
        items = []
        left_tag = ''
        right_tag = ''
        in_tag = False # flag
        
        for block in text:
            if block.startswith("\n") :
                block = block[1:]

            if not in_tag:

                if block.startswith("<"):
                    
                    left_tag = self._get_left_tag(block)
                    right_tag = self._get_right_tag(left_tag, block)

                    if not (is_block_level(left_tag) \
                        or block[1] in ["!", "?", "@", "%"]):
                        new_blocks.append(block)
                        continue

                    if self._is_oneliner(left_tag):
                        new_blocks.append(block.strip())
                        continue
                        
                    if block[1] == "!":
                        # is a comment block
                        left_tag = "--"
                        right_tag = self._get_right_tag(left_tag, block)
                        # keep checking conditions below and maybe just append
                        
                    if block.rstrip().endswith(">") \
                        and self._equal_tags(left_tag, right_tag):
                        new_blocks.append(
                            self.stash.store(block.strip()))
                        continue
                    elif not block[1] == "!":
                        # if is block level tag and is not complete
                        items.append(block.strip())
                        in_tag = True
                        continue
                    
                new_blocks.append(block)

            else:
                items.append(block.strip())
                
                right_tag = self._get_right_tag(left_tag, block)
                if self._equal_tags(left_tag, right_tag):
                    # if find closing tag
                    in_tag = False
                    new_blocks.append(
                        self.stash.store('\n\n'.join(items)))
                    items = []
                    
        return "\n\n".join(new_blocks).split("\n")

HTML_BLOCK_PREPROCESSOR = HtmlBlockPreprocessor()


class ReferencePreprocessor (Preprocessor):

    def run (self, lines) :

        new_text = [];
        for line in lines:
            m = RE.regExp['reference-def'].match(line)
            if m:
                id = m.group(2).strip().lower()
                t = m.group(4).strip()  # potential title
                if not t :
                    self.references[id] = (m.group(3), t)
                elif (len(t) >= 2
                      and (t[0] == t[-1] == "\""
                           or t[0] == t[-1] == "\'"
                           or (t[0] == "(" and t[-1] == ")") ) ) :
                    self.references[id] = (m.group(3), t[1:-1])
                else :
                    new_text.append(line)
            else:
                new_text.append(line)

        return new_text #+ "\n"

REFERENCE_PREPROCESSOR = ReferencePreprocessor()

"""
======================================================================
========================== INLINE PATTERNS ===========================
======================================================================

Inline patterns such as *emphasis* are handled by means of auxiliary
objects, one per pattern.  Pattern objects must be instances of classes
that extend markdown.Pattern.  Each pattern object uses a single regular
expression and needs support the following methods:

  pattern.getCompiledRegExp() - returns a regular expression

  pattern.handleMatch(m, doc) - takes a match object and returns
                                a NanoDom node (as a part of the provided
                                doc) or None

All of python markdown's built-in patterns subclass from Patter,
but you can add additional patterns that don't.

Also note that all the regular expressions used by inline must
capture the whole block.  For this reason, they all start with
'^(.*)' and end with '(.*)!'.  In case with built-in expression
Pattern takes care of adding the "^(.*)" and "(.*)!".

Finally, the order in which regular expressions are applied is very
important - e.g. if we first replace http://.../ links with <a> tags
and _then_ try to replace inline html, we would end up with a mess.
So, we apply the expressions in the following order:

       * escape and backticks have to go before everything else, so
         that we can preempt any markdown patterns by escaping them.

       * then we handle auto-links (must be done before inline html)

       * then we handle inline HTML.  At this point we will simply
         replace all inline HTML strings with a placeholder and add
         the actual HTML to a hash.

       * then inline images (must be done before links)

       * then bracketed links, first regular then reference-style

       * finally we apply strong and emphasis
"""

NOBRACKET = r'[^\]\[]*'
BRK = ( r'\[('
        + (NOBRACKET + r'(\['+NOBRACKET)*6
        + (NOBRACKET+ r'\])*'+NOBRACKET)*6
        + NOBRACKET + r')\]' )

BACKTICK_RE = r'\`([^\`]*)\`'                    # `e= m*c^2`
DOUBLE_BACKTICK_RE =  r'\`\`(.*)\`\`'            # ``e=f("`")``
ESCAPE_RE = r'\\(.)'                             # <
EMPHASIS_RE = r'\*([^\*]*)\*'                    # *emphasis*
STRONG_RE = r'\*\*(.*)\*\*'                      # **strong**
STRONG_EM_RE = r'\*\*\*([^_]*)\*\*\*'            # ***strong***

if SMART_EMPHASIS:
    EMPHASIS_2_RE = r'(?<!\S)_(\S[^_]*)_'        # _emphasis_
else :
    EMPHASIS_2_RE = r'_([^_]*)_'                 # _emphasis_

STRONG_2_RE = r'__([^_]*)__'                     # __strong__
STRONG_EM_2_RE = r'___([^_]*)___'                # ___strong___

LINK_RE = BRK + r'\s*\(([^\)]*)\)'               # [text](url)
LINK_ANGLED_RE = BRK + r'\s*\(<([^\)]*)>\)'      # [text](<url>)
IMAGE_LINK_RE = r'\!' + BRK + r'\s*\(([^\)]*)\)' # ![alttxt](http://x.com/)
REFERENCE_RE = BRK+ r'\s*\[([^\]]*)\]'           # [Google][3]
IMAGE_REFERENCE_RE = r'\!' + BRK + '\s*\[([^\]]*)\]' # ![alt text][2]
NOT_STRONG_RE = r'( \* )'                        # stand-alone * or _
AUTOLINK_RE = r'<(http://[^>]*)>'                # <http://www.123.com>
AUTOMAIL_RE = r'<([^> \!]*@[^> ]*)>'               # <me@example.com>
#HTML_RE = r'(<[^>]*>)'                        # <...>
HTML_RE = r'(<[a-zA-Z/][^>]*>)'               # <...>
ENTITY_RE = r'(&[\#a-zA-Z0-9]*;)'                # &amp;

class Pattern:

    def __init__ (self, pattern) :
        self.pattern = pattern
        self.compiled_re = re.compile("^(.*)%s(.*)$" % pattern, re.DOTALL)

    def getCompiledRegExp (self) :
        return self.compiled_re

BasePattern = Pattern # for backward compatibility

class SimpleTextPattern (Pattern) :

    def handleMatch(self, m, doc) :
        return doc.createTextNode(m.group(2))

class SimpleTagPattern (Pattern):

    def __init__ (self, pattern, tag) :
        Pattern.__init__(self, pattern)
        self.tag = tag

    def handleMatch(self, m, doc) :
        el = doc.createElement(self.tag)
        el.appendChild(doc.createTextNode(m.group(2)))
        return el

class BacktickPattern (Pattern):

    def __init__ (self, pattern):
        Pattern.__init__(self, pattern)
        self.tag = "code"

    def handleMatch(self, m, doc) :
        el = doc.createElement(self.tag)
        text = m.group(2).strip()
        #text = text.replace("&", "&amp;")
        el.appendChild(doc.createTextNode(text))
        return el


class DoubleTagPattern (SimpleTagPattern) :

    def handleMatch(self, m, doc) :
        tag1, tag2 = self.tag.split(",")
        el1 = doc.createElement(tag1)
        el2 = doc.createElement(tag2)
        el1.appendChild(el2)
        el2.appendChild(doc.createTextNode(m.group(2)))
        return el1


class HtmlPattern (Pattern):

    def handleMatch (self, m, doc) :
        place_holder = self.stash.store(m.group(2))
        return doc.createTextNode(place_holder)


class LinkPattern (Pattern):

    def handleMatch(self, m, doc) :
        el = doc.createElement('a')
        el.appendChild(doc.createTextNode(m.group(2)))
        parts = m.group(9).split()
        # We should now have [], [href], or [href, title]
        if parts :
            el.setAttribute('href', parts[0])
        else :
            el.setAttribute('href', "")
        if len(parts) > 1 :
            # we also got a title
            title = " ".join(parts[1:]).strip()
            title = dequote(title) #.replace('"', "&quot;")
            el.setAttribute('title', title)
        return el


class ImagePattern (Pattern):

    def handleMatch(self, m, doc):
        el = doc.createElement('img')
        src_parts = m.group(9).split()
        el.setAttribute('src', src_parts[0])
        if len(src_parts) > 1 :
            el.setAttribute('title', dequote(" ".join(src_parts[1:])))
        if ENABLE_ATTRIBUTES :
            text = doc.createTextNode(m.group(2))
            el.appendChild(text)
            text.handleAttributes()
            truealt = text.value
            el.childNodes.remove(text)
        else:
            truealt = m.group(2)
        el.setAttribute('alt', truealt)
        return el

class ReferencePattern (Pattern):

    def handleMatch(self, m, doc):
        if m.group(9) :
            id = m.group(9).lower()
        else :
            # if we got something like "[Google][]"
            # we'll use "google" as the id
            id = m.group(2).lower()
        if not self.references.has_key(id) : # ignore undefined refs
            return None
        href, title = self.references[id]
        text = m.group(2)
        return self.makeTag(href, title, text, doc)

    def makeTag(self, href, title, text, doc):
        el = doc.createElement('a')
        el.setAttribute('href', href)
        if title :
            el.setAttribute('title', title)
        el.appendChild(doc.createTextNode(text))
        return el


class ImageReferencePattern (ReferencePattern):

    def makeTag(self, href, title, text, doc):
        el = doc.createElement('img')
        el.setAttribute('src', href)
        if title :
            el.setAttribute('title', title)
        el.setAttribute('alt', text)
        return el


class AutolinkPattern (Pattern):

    def handleMatch(self, m, doc):
        el = doc.createElement('a')
        el.setAttribute('href', m.group(2))
        el.appendChild(doc.createTextNode(m.group(2)))
        return el

class AutomailPattern (Pattern):

    def handleMatch(self, m, doc) :
        el = doc.createElement('a')
        email = m.group(2)
        if email.startswith("mailto:"):
            email = email[len("mailto:"):]
        for letter in email:
            entity = doc.createEntityReference("#%d" % ord(letter))
            el.appendChild(entity)
        mailto = "mailto:" + email
        mailto = "".join(['&#%d;' % ord(letter) for letter in mailto])
        el.setAttribute('href', mailto)
        return el

ESCAPE_PATTERN          = SimpleTextPattern(ESCAPE_RE)
NOT_STRONG_PATTERN      = SimpleTextPattern(NOT_STRONG_RE)

BACKTICK_PATTERN        = BacktickPattern(BACKTICK_RE)
DOUBLE_BACKTICK_PATTERN = BacktickPattern(DOUBLE_BACKTICK_RE)
STRONG_PATTERN          = SimpleTagPattern(STRONG_RE, 'strong')
STRONG_PATTERN_2        = SimpleTagPattern(STRONG_2_RE, 'strong')
EMPHASIS_PATTERN        = SimpleTagPattern(EMPHASIS_RE, 'em')
EMPHASIS_PATTERN_2      = SimpleTagPattern(EMPHASIS_2_RE, 'em')

STRONG_EM_PATTERN       = DoubleTagPattern(STRONG_EM_RE, 'strong,em')
STRONG_EM_PATTERN_2     = DoubleTagPattern(STRONG_EM_2_RE, 'strong,em')

LINK_PATTERN            = LinkPattern(LINK_RE)
LINK_ANGLED_PATTERN     = LinkPattern(LINK_ANGLED_RE)
IMAGE_LINK_PATTERN      = ImagePattern(IMAGE_LINK_RE)
IMAGE_REFERENCE_PATTERN = ImageReferencePattern(IMAGE_REFERENCE_RE)
REFERENCE_PATTERN       = ReferencePattern(REFERENCE_RE)

HTML_PATTERN            = HtmlPattern(HTML_RE)
ENTITY_PATTERN          = HtmlPattern(ENTITY_RE)

AUTOLINK_PATTERN        = AutolinkPattern(AUTOLINK_RE)
AUTOMAIL_PATTERN        = AutomailPattern(AUTOMAIL_RE)


"""
======================================================================
========================== POST-PROCESSORS ===========================
======================================================================

Markdown also allows post-processors, which are similar to
preprocessors in that they need to implement a "run" method.  Unlike
pre-processors, they take a NanoDom document as a parameter and work
with that.

Post-Processor should extend markdown.Postprocessor.

There are currently no standard post-processors, but the footnote
extension below uses one.
"""

class Postprocessor :
    pass


"""
======================================================================
========================== MISC AUXILIARY CLASSES ====================
======================================================================
"""

00755 class HtmlStash :
    """This class is used for stashing HTML objects that we extract
        in the beginning and replace with place-holders."""

    def __init__ (self) :
        self.html_counter = 0 # for counting inline html segments
        self.rawHtmlBlocks=[]

00763     def store(self, html) :
        """Saves an HTML segment for later reinsertion.  Returns a
           placeholder string that needs to be inserted into the
           document.

           @param html: an html segment
           @returns : a placeholder string """
        self.rawHtmlBlocks.append(html)
        placeholder = HTML_PLACEHOLDER % self.html_counter
        self.html_counter += 1
        return placeholder


class BlockGuru :

    def _findHead(self, lines, fn, allowBlank=0) :

        """Functional magic to help determine boundaries of indented
           blocks.

           @param lines: an array of strings
           @param fn: a function that returns a substring of a string
                      if the string matches the necessary criteria
           @param allowBlank: specifies whether it's ok to have blank
                      lines between matching functions
           @returns: a list of post processes items and the unused
                      remainder of the original list"""

        items = []
        item = -1

        i = 0 # to keep track of where we are

        for line in lines :

            if not line.strip() and not allowBlank:
                return items, lines[i:]

            if not line.strip() and allowBlank:
                # If we see a blank line, this _might_ be the end
                i += 1

                # Find the next non-blank line
                for j in range(i, len(lines)) :
                    if lines[j].strip() :
                        next = lines[j]
                        break
                else :
                    # There is no more text => this is the end
                    break

                # Check if the next non-blank line is still a part of the list

                part = fn(next)

                if part :
                    items.append("")
                    continue
                else :
                    break # found end of the list

            part = fn(line)

            if part :
                items.append(part)
                i += 1
                continue
            else :
                return items, lines[i:]
        else :
            i += 1

        return items, lines[i:]


    def detabbed_fn(self, line) :
        """ An auxiliary method to be passed to _findHead """
        m = RE.regExp['tabbed'].match(line)
        if m:
            return m.group(4)
        else :
            return None


    def detectTabbed(self, lines) :

        return self._findHead(lines, self.detabbed_fn,
                              allowBlank = 1)


def print_error(string):
    """Print an error string to stderr"""
    sys.stderr.write(string +'\n')


def dequote(string) :
    """ Removes quotes from around a string """
    if ( ( string.startswith('"') and string.endswith('"'))
         or (string.startswith("'") and string.endswith("'")) ) :
        return string[1:-1]
    else :
        return string

"""
======================================================================
========================== CORE MARKDOWN =============================
======================================================================

This stuff is ugly, so if you are thinking of extending the syntax,
see first if you can do it via pre-processors, post-processors,
inline patterns or a combination of the three.
"""

00876 class CorePatterns :
    """This class is scheduled for removal as part of a refactoring
        effort."""

    patterns = {
        'header':          r'(#*)([^#]*)(#*)', # # A title
        'reference-def' :  r'(\ ?\ ?\ ?)\[([^\]]*)\]:\s*([^ ]*)(.*)',
                           # [Google]: http://www.google.com/
        'containsline':    r'([-]*)$|^([=]*)', # -----, =====, etc.
        'ol':              r'[ ]{0,3}[\d]*\.\s+(.*)', # 1. text
        'ul':              r'[ ]{0,3}[*+-]\s+(.*)', # "* text"
        'isline1':         r'(\**)', # ***
        'isline2':         r'(\-*)', # ---
        'isline3':         r'(\_*)', # ___
        'tabbed':          r'((\t)|(    ))(.*)', # an indented line
        'quoted' :         r'> ?(.*)', # a quoted block ("> ...")
    }

    def __init__ (self) :

        self.regExp = {}
        for key in self.patterns.keys() :
            self.regExp[key] = re.compile("^%s$" % self.patterns[key],
                                          re.DOTALL)

        self.regExp['containsline'] = re.compile(r'^([-]*)$|^([=]*)$', re.M)

RE = CorePatterns()


00906 class Markdown:
    """ Markdown formatter class for creating an html document from
        Markdown text """


00911     def __init__(self, source=None,
                 extensions=[],
                 extension_configs=None,
                 encoding=None,
                 safe_mode = True):
        """Creates a new Markdown instance.

           @param source: The text in Markdown format.
           @param encoding: The character encoding of <text>. """

        self.safeMode = safe_mode
        self.encoding = encoding
        self.source = source
        self.blockGuru = BlockGuru()
        self.registeredExtensions = []
        self.stripTopLevelTags = 1
        self.docType = ""

        self.preprocessors = [ HEADER_PREPROCESSOR,
                               LINE_PREPROCESSOR,
                               HTML_BLOCK_PREPROCESSOR,
                               LINE_BREAKS_PREPROCESSOR,
                               # A footnote preprocessor will
                               # get inserted here
                               REFERENCE_PREPROCESSOR ]


        self.postprocessors = [] # a footnote postprocessor will get
                                 # inserted later

        self.textPostprocessors = [] # a footnote postprocessor will get
                                     # inserted later                                 

        self.prePatterns = []
        

        self.inlinePatterns = [ DOUBLE_BACKTICK_PATTERN,
                                BACKTICK_PATTERN,
                                ESCAPE_PATTERN,
                                IMAGE_LINK_PATTERN,
                                IMAGE_REFERENCE_PATTERN,
                                REFERENCE_PATTERN,
                                LINK_ANGLED_PATTERN,
                                LINK_PATTERN,
                                AUTOLINK_PATTERN,
                                AUTOMAIL_PATTERN,
                                HTML_PATTERN,
                                ENTITY_PATTERN,
                                NOT_STRONG_PATTERN,
                                STRONG_EM_PATTERN,
                                STRONG_EM_PATTERN_2,
                                STRONG_PATTERN,
                                STRONG_PATTERN_2,
                                EMPHASIS_PATTERN,
                                EMPHASIS_PATTERN_2
                                # The order of the handlers matters!!!
                                ]

        self.registerExtensions(extensions = extensions,
                                configs = extension_configs)

        self.reset()


    def registerExtensions(self, extensions, configs) :

        if not configs :
            configs = {}

        for ext in extensions :

            extension_module_name = "mdx_" + ext

            try :
                module = __import__(extension_module_name)

            except :
                message(CRITICAL,
                        "couldn't load extension %s (looking for %s module)"
                        % (ext, extension_module_name) )
            else :

                if configs.has_key(ext) :
                    configs_for_ext = configs[ext]
                else :
                    configs_for_ext = []
                extension = module.makeExtension(configs_for_ext)    
                extension.extendMarkdown(self, globals())




01003     def registerExtension(self, extension) :
        """ This gets called by the extension """
        self.registeredExtensions.append(extension)

01007     def reset(self) :
        """Resets all state variables so that we can start
            with a new text."""
        self.references={}
        self.htmlStash = HtmlStash()

        HTML_BLOCK_PREPROCESSOR.stash = self.htmlStash
        REFERENCE_PREPROCESSOR.references = self.references
        HTML_PATTERN.stash = self.htmlStash
        ENTITY_PATTERN.stash = self.htmlStash
        REFERENCE_PATTERN.references = self.references
        IMAGE_REFERENCE_PATTERN.references = self.references

        for extension in self.registeredExtensions :
            extension.reset()


01024     def _transform(self):
        """Transforms the Markdown text into a XHTML body document

           @returns: A NanoDom Document """

        # Setup the document

        self.doc = Document()
        self.top_element = self.doc.createElement("span")
        self.top_element.appendChild(self.doc.createTextNode('\n'))
        self.top_element.setAttribute('class', 'markdown')
        self.doc.appendChild(self.top_element)

        # Fixup the source text
        text = self.source.strip()
        text = text.replace("\r\n", "\n").replace("\r", "\n")
        text += "\n\n"
        text = text.expandtabs(TAB_LENGTH)

        # Split into lines and run the preprocessors that will work with
        # self.lines

        self.lines = text.split("\n")

        # Run the pre-processors on the lines
        for prep in self.preprocessors :
            self.lines = prep.run(self.lines)

        # Create a NanoDom tree from the lines and attach it to Document


        buffer = []
        for line in self.lines :
            if line.startswith("#") :
                self._processSection(self.top_element, buffer)
                buffer = [line]
            else :
                buffer.append(line)
        self._processSection(self.top_element, buffer)
        
        #self._processSection(self.top_element, self.lines)

        # Not sure why I put this in but let's leave it for now.
        self.top_element.appendChild(self.doc.createTextNode('\n'))

        # Run the post-processors
        for postprocessor in self.postprocessors :
            postprocessor.run(self.doc)

        return self.doc


01076     def _processSection(self, parent_elem, lines,
                        inList = 0, looseList = 0) :

        """Process a section of a source document, looking for high
           level structural elements like lists, block quotes, code
           segments, html blocks, etc.  Some those then get stripped
           of their high level markup (e.g. get unindented) and the
           lower-level markup is processed recursively.

           @param parent_elem: A NanoDom element to which the content
                               will be added
           @param lines: a list of lines
           @param inList: a level
           @returns: None"""

        if not lines :
            return

        # Check if this section starts with a list, a blockquote or
        # a code block

        processFn = { 'ul' :     self._processUList,
                      'ol' :     self._processOList,
                      'quoted' : self._processQuote,
                      'tabbed' : self._processCodeBlock }

        for regexp in ['ul', 'ol', 'quoted', 'tabbed'] :
            m = RE.regExp[regexp].match(lines[0])
            if m :
                processFn[regexp](parent_elem, lines, inList)
                return

        # We are NOT looking at one of the high-level structures like
        # lists or blockquotes.  So, it's just a regular paragraph
        # (though perhaps nested inside a list or something else).  If
        # we are NOT inside a list, we just need to look for a blank
        # line to find the end of the block.  If we ARE inside a
        # list, however, we need to consider that a sublist does not
        # need to be separated by a blank line.  Rather, the following
        # markup is legal:
        #
        # * The top level list item
        #
        #     Another paragraph of the list.  This is where we are now.
        #     * Underneath we might have a sublist.
        #

        if inList :

            start, theRest = self._linesUntil(lines, (lambda line:
                             RE.regExp['ul'].match(line)
                             or RE.regExp['ol'].match(line)
                                              or not line.strip()))

            self._processSection(parent_elem, start,
                                 inList - 1, looseList = looseList)
            self._processSection(parent_elem, theRest,
                                 inList - 1, looseList = looseList)


        else : # Ok, so it's just a simple block

            paragraph, theRest = self._linesUntil(lines, lambda line:
                                                 not line.strip())

            if len(paragraph) and paragraph[0].startswith('#') :
                m = RE.regExp['header'].match(paragraph[0])
                if m :
                    level = len(m.group(1))
                    h = self.doc.createElement("h%d" % level)
                    parent_elem.appendChild(h)
                    for item in self._handleInlineWrapper2(m.group(2).strip()) :
                        h.appendChild(item)
                else :
                    message(CRITICAL, "We've got a problem header!")

            elif paragraph :

                list = self._handleInlineWrapper2("\n".join(paragraph))

                if ( parent_elem.nodeName == 'li'
                     and not (looseList or parent_elem.childNodes)):

                    #and not parent_elem.childNodes) :
                    # If this is the first paragraph inside "li", don't
                    # put <p> around it - append the paragraph bits directly
                    # onto parent_elem
                    el = parent_elem
                else :
                    # Otherwise make a "p" element
                    el = self.doc.createElement("p")
                    parent_elem.appendChild(el)

                for item in list :
                    el.appendChild(item)

            if theRest :
                theRest = theRest[1:]  # skip the first (blank) line

            self._processSection(parent_elem, theRest, inList)



    def _processUList(self, parent_elem, lines, inList) :
        self._processList(parent_elem, lines, inList,
                         listexpr='ul', tag = 'ul')

    def _processOList(self, parent_elem, lines, inList) :
        self._processList(parent_elem, lines, inList,
                         listexpr='ol', tag = 'ol')


01188     def _processList(self, parent_elem, lines, inList, listexpr, tag) :
        """Given a list of document lines starting with a list item,
           finds the end of the list, breaks it up, and recursively
           processes each list item and the remainder of the text file.

           @param parent_elem: A dom element to which the content will be added
           @param lines: a list of lines
           @param inList: a level
           @returns: None"""

        ul = self.doc.createElement(tag)  # ul might actually be '<ol>'
        parent_elem.appendChild(ul)

        looseList = 0

        # Make a list of list items
        items = []
        item = -1

        i = 0  # a counter to keep track of where we are

        for line in lines :

            loose = 0
            if not line.strip() :
                # If we see a blank line, this _might_ be the end of the list
                i += 1
                loose = 1

                # Find the next non-blank line
                for j in range(i, len(lines)) :
                    if lines[j].strip() :
                        next = lines[j]
                        break
                else :
                    # There is no more text => end of the list
                    break

                # Check if the next non-blank line is still a part of the list
                if ( RE.regExp['ul'].match(next) or
                     RE.regExp['ol'].match(next) or 
                     RE.regExp['tabbed'].match(next) ):
                    # get rid of any white space in the line
                    items[item].append(line.strip())
                    looseList = loose or looseList
                    continue
                else :
                    break # found end of the list

            # Now we need to detect list items (at the current level)
            # while also detabing child elements if necessary

            for expr in ['ul', 'ol', 'tabbed']:

                m = RE.regExp[expr].match(line)
                if m :
                    if expr in ['ul', 'ol'] :  # We are looking at a new item
                        if m.group(1) :
                            items.append([m.group(1)])
                            item += 1
                    elif expr == 'tabbed' :  # This line needs to be detabbed
                        items[item].append(m.group(4)) #after the 'tab'

                    i += 1
                    break
            else :
                items[item].append(line)  # Just regular continuation
                i += 1 # added on 2006.02.25
        else :
            i += 1

        # Add the dom elements
        for item in items :
            li = self.doc.createElement("li")
            ul.appendChild(li)

            self._processSection(li, item, inList + 1, looseList = looseList)

        # Process the remaining part of the section

        self._processSection(parent_elem, lines[i:], inList)


01271     def _linesUntil(self, lines, condition) :
        """ A utility function to break a list of lines upon the
            first line that satisfied a condition.  The condition
            argument should be a predicate function.
            """

        i = -1
        for line in lines :
            i += 1
            if condition(line) : break
        else :
            i += 1
        return lines[:i], lines[i:]

01285     def _processQuote(self, parent_elem, lines, inList) :
        """Given a list of document lines starting with a quote finds
           the end of the quote, unindents it and recursively
           processes the body of the quote and the remainder of the
           text file.

           @param parent_elem: DOM element to which the content will be added
           @param lines: a list of lines
           @param inList: a level
           @returns: None """

        dequoted = []
        i = 0
        for line in lines :
            m = RE.regExp['quoted'].match(line)
            if m :
                dequoted.append(m.group(1))
                i += 1
            else :
                break
        else :
            i += 1

        blockquote = self.doc.createElement('blockquote')
        parent_elem.appendChild(blockquote)

        self._processSection(blockquote, dequoted, inList)
        self._processSection(parent_elem, lines[i:], inList)




01317     def _processCodeBlock(self, parent_elem, lines, inList) :
        """Given a list of document lines starting with a code block
           finds the end of the block, puts it into the dom verbatim
           wrapped in ("<pre><code>") and recursively processes the
           the remainder of the text file.

           @param parent_elem: DOM element to which the content will be added
           @param lines: a list of lines
           @param inList: a level
           @returns: None"""

        detabbed, theRest = self.blockGuru.detectTabbed(lines)

        pre = self.doc.createElement('pre')
        code = self.doc.createElement('code')
        parent_elem.appendChild(pre)
        pre.appendChild(code)
        text = "\n".join(detabbed).rstrip()+"\n"
        #text = text.replace("&", "&amp;")
        code.appendChild(self.doc.createTextNode(text))
        self._processSection(parent_elem, theRest, inList)


    def _handleInlineWrapper2 (self, line) :


        parts = [line]

        #if not(line):
        #    return [self.doc.createTextNode(' ')]

        for pattern in self.inlinePatterns :

            #print
            #print self.inlinePatterns.index(pattern)

            i = 0

            #print parts
            while i < len(parts) :
                
                x = parts[i]
                #print i
                if isinstance(x, (str, unicode)) :
                    result = self._applyPattern(x, pattern)
                    #print result
                    #print result
                    #print parts, i
                    if result :
                        i -= 1
                        parts.remove(x)
                        for y in result :
                            parts.insert(i+1,y)
                
                i += 1

        for i in range(len(parts)) :
            x = parts[i]
            if isinstance(x, (str, unicode)) :
                parts[i] = self.doc.createTextNode(x)

        return parts
        


    def _handleInlineWrapper (self, line) :

        # A wrapper around _handleInline to avoid recursion

        parts = [line]

        i = 0
        
        while i < len(parts) :
            x = parts[i]
            if isinstance(x, (str, unicode)) :
                parts.remove(x)
                result = self._handleInline(x)
                for y in result :
                    parts.insert(i,y)
            else :
                i += 1

        return parts

01402     def _handleInline(self,  line):
        """Transform a Markdown line with inline elements to an XHTML
        fragment.

        This function uses auxiliary objects called inline patterns.
        See notes on inline patterns above.

        @param item: A block of Markdown text
        @return: A list of NanoDom nodes """

        if not(line):
            return [self.doc.createTextNode(' ')]

        for pattern in self.inlinePatterns :
            list = self._applyPattern( line, pattern)
            if list: return list

        return [self.doc.createTextNode(line)]

01421     def _applyPattern(self, line, pattern) :
        """ Given a pattern name, this function checks if the line
        fits the pattern, creates the necessary elements, and returns
        back a list consisting of NanoDom elements and/or strings.
        
        @param line: the text to be processed
        @param pattern: the pattern to be checked

        @returns: the appropriate newly created NanoDom element if the
                  pattern matches, None otherwise.
        """

        # match the line to pattern's pre-compiled reg exp.
        # if no match, move on.

        m = pattern.getCompiledRegExp().match(line)
        if not m :
            return None

        # if we got a match let the pattern make us a NanoDom node
        # if it doesn't, move on
        node = pattern.handleMatch(m, self.doc)

        if node :
            # Those are in the reverse order!
            return ( m.groups()[-1], # the string to the left
                     node,           # the new node
                     m.group(1))     # the string to the right of the match

        else :
            return None

01453     def __str__(self, source = None):
        """Return the document in XHTML format.

        @returns: A serialized XHTML body."""
        #try :

        if source :
            self.source = source
        
        doc = self._transform()
        xml = doc.toxml()

        #finally:
        #    doc.unlink()

        # Let's stick in all the raw html pieces

        for i in range(self.htmlStash.html_counter) :
            html = self.htmlStash.rawHtmlBlocks[i]
            if self.safeMode :
                html = "[HTML_REMOVED]"
                
            xml = xml.replace("<p>%s\n</p>" % (HTML_PLACEHOLDER % i),
                              html + "\n")
            xml = xml.replace(HTML_PLACEHOLDER % i,
                              html)

        # And return everything but the top level tag

        if self.stripTopLevelTags :
            xml = xml.strip()[23:-7] + "\n"

        for pp in self.textPostprocessors :
            xml = pp.run(xml)

        return self.docType + xml


    toString = __str__


01494     def __unicode__(self):
        """Return the document in XHTML format as a Unicode object.
        """
        return str(self)#.decode(self.encoding)


    toUnicode = __unicode__




# ====================================================================

def markdownFromFile(input = None,
                     output = None,
                     extensions = [],
                     encoding = None,
                     message_threshold = CRITICAL,
                     safe = False) :

    global MESSAGE_THRESHOLD
    MESSAGE_THRESHOLD = message_threshold

    message(VERBOSE, "input file: %s" % input)


    if not encoding :
        encoding = "utf-8"

    input_file = codecs.open(input, mode="r", encoding="utf-8")
    text = input_file.read()
    input_file.close()

    new_text = markdown(text, extensions, encoding, safe_mode = safe)

    if output :
        output_file = codecs.open(output, "w", encoding=encoding)
        output_file.write(new_text)
        output_file.close()

    else :
        sys.stdout.write(new_text.encode(encoding))

def markdown(text,
             extensions = [],
             encoding = None,
             safe_mode = False) :
    
    message(VERBOSE, "in markdown.markdown(), received text:\n%s" % text)

    extension_names = []
    extension_configs = {}
    
    for ext in extensions :
        pos = ext.find("(") 
        if pos == -1 :
            extension_names.append(ext)
        else :
            name = ext[:pos]
            extension_names.append(name)
            pairs = [x.split("=") for x in ext[pos+1:-1].split(",")]
            configs = [(x.strip(), y.strip()) for (x, y) in pairs]
            extension_configs[name] = configs
            #print configs

    md = Markdown(text, extensions=extension_names,
                  extension_configs=extension_configs,
                  safe_mode = safe_mode)

    return md.toString()
        

class Extension :

    def __init__(self, configs = {}) :
        self.config = configs

    def getConfig(self, key) :
        if self.config.has_key(key) :
            #print self.config[key][0]
            return self.config[key][0]
        else :
            return ""

    def getConfigInfo(self) :
        return [(key, self.config[key][1]) for key in self.config.keys()]

    def setConfig(self, key, value) :
        self.config[key][0] = value


OPTPARSE_WARNING = """
Python 2.3 or higher required for advanced command line options.
For lower versions of Python use:

      %s INPUT_FILE > OUTPUT_FILE
    
""" % EXECUTABLE_NAME_FOR_USAGE

def parse_options() :

    try :
        optparse = __import__("optparse")
    except :
        if len(sys.argv) == 2 :
            return {'input' : sys.argv[1],
                    'output' : None,
                    'message_threshold' : CRITICAL,
                    'safe' : False,
                    'extensions' : [],
                    'encoding' : None }

        else :
            print OPTPARSE_WARNING
            return None

    parser = optparse.OptionParser(usage="%prog INPUTFILE [options]")

    parser.add_option("-f", "--file", dest="filename",
                      help="write output to OUTPUT_FILE",
                      metavar="OUTPUT_FILE")
    parser.add_option("-e", "--encoding", dest="encoding",
                      help="encoding for input and output files",)
    parser.add_option("-q", "--quiet", default = CRITICAL,
                      action="store_const", const=NONE, dest="verbose",
                      help="suppress all messages")
    parser.add_option("-v", "--verbose",
                      action="store_const", const=INFO, dest="verbose",
                      help="print info messages")
    parser.add_option("-s", "--safe",
                      action="store_const", const=True, dest="safe",
                      help="same mode (strip user's HTML tag)")
    
    parser.add_option("--noisy",
                      action="store_const", const=VERBOSE, dest="verbose",
                      help="print debug messages")
    parser.add_option("-x", "--extension", action="append", dest="extensions",
                      help = "load extension EXTENSION", metavar="EXTENSION")

    (options, args) = parser.parse_args()

    if not len(args) == 1 :
        parser.print_help()
        return None
    else :
        input_file = args[0]

    if not options.extensions :
        options.extensions = []

    return {'input' : input_file,
            'output' : options.filename,
            'message_threshold' : options.verbose,
            'safe' : options.safe,
            'extensions' : options.extensions,
            'encoding' : options.encoding }

if __name__ == '__main__':
    """ Run Markdown from the command line. """

    options = parse_options()

    #if os.access(inFile, os.R_OK):

    if not options :
        sys.exit(0)
    
    markdownFromFile(**options)











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