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attributes.py

# attributes.py - manages object attributes
# Copyright (C) 2005,2006 Michael Bayer mike_mp@zzzcomputing.com
#
# This module is part of SQLAlchemy and is released under
# the MIT License: http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php

from sqlalchemy import util
from sqlalchemy.orm import util as orm_util
from sqlalchemy import logging
import weakref

00012 class InstrumentedAttribute(object):
    """a property object that instruments attribute access on object instances.  All methods correspond to 
    a single attribute on a particular class."""
    
    PASSIVE_NORESULT = object()
    
    def __init__(self, manager, key, uselist, callable_, typecallable, trackparent=False, extension=None, copy_function=None, compare_function=None, mutable_scalars=False, **kwargs):
        self.manager = manager
        self.key = key
        self.uselist = uselist
        self.callable_ = callable_
        self.typecallable= typecallable
        self.trackparent = trackparent
        self.mutable_scalars = mutable_scalars
        if copy_function is None:
            if uselist:
                self._copyfunc = lambda x: [y for y in x]
            else:
                # scalar values are assumed to be immutable unless a copy function
                # is passed
                self._copyfunc = lambda x: x
        else:
            self._copyfunc = copy_function
        if compare_function is None:
            self._compare_function = lambda x,y: x == y
        else:
            self._compare_function = compare_function
        self.extensions = util.to_list(extension or [])

    def __set__(self, obj, value):
        self.set(None, obj, value)
    def __delete__(self, obj):
        self.delete(None, obj)
    def __get__(self, obj, owner):
        if obj is None:
            return self
        return self.get(obj)

    def is_equal(self, x, y):
        return self._compare_function(x, y)
    def copy(self, value):
        return self._copyfunc(value)
    
    def check_mutable_modified(self, obj):
        if self.mutable_scalars:
            h = self.get_history(obj, passive=True)
            if h is not None and h.is_modified():
                obj._state['modified'] = True
                return True
            else:
                return False
        else:
            return False
            
        
00067     def hasparent(self, item, optimistic=False):
        """return the boolean value of a "hasparent" flag attached to the given item.
        
        the 'optimistic' flag determines what the default return value should be if 
        no "hasparent" flag can be located.  as this function is used to determine if 
        an instance is an "orphan", instances that were loaded from storage should be assumed
        to not be orphans, until a True/False value for this flag is set.  an instance attribute
        that is loaded by a callable function will also not have a "hasparent" flag.
        """
        return item._state.get(('hasparent', id(self)), optimistic)
        
00078     def sethasparent(self, item, value):
        """sets a boolean flag on the given item corresponding to whether or not it is
        attached to a parent object via the attribute represented by this InstrumentedAttribute."""
        item._state[('hasparent', id(self))] = value
            
00083     def get_history(self, obj, passive=False):
        """return a new AttributeHistory object for the given object/this attribute's key.
        
        if passive is True, then dont execute any callables; if the attribute's value 
        can only be achieved via executing a callable, then return None."""
        # get the current state.  this may trigger a lazy load if
        # passive is False.  
        current = self.get(obj, passive=passive, raiseerr=False)
        if current is InstrumentedAttribute.PASSIVE_NORESULT:
            return None
        return AttributeHistory(self, obj, current, passive=passive)

00095     def set_callable(self, obj, callable_):
        """set a callable function for this attribute on the given object.
        
        this callable will be executed when the attribute is next accessed, 
        and is assumed to construct part of the instances previously stored state. When
        its value or values are loaded, they will be established as part of the 
        instance's "committed state".  while "trackparent" information will be assembled
        for these instances, attribute-level event handlers will not be fired.
        
        the callable overrides the class level callable set in the InstrumentedAttribute
        constructor.
        """
        if callable_ is None:
            self.initialize(obj)
        else:
            obj._state[('callable', self)] = callable_

00112     def reset(self, obj):
        """removes any per-instance callable functions corresponding to this InstrumentedAttribute's attribute
        from the given object, and removes this InstrumentedAttribute's
        attribute from the given object's dictionary."""
        try:
            del obj._state[('callable', self)]
        except KeyError:
            pass
        self.clear(obj)
    
00122     def clear(self, obj):
        """removes this InstrumentedAttribute's attribute from the given object's dictionary. subsequent calls to
        getattr(obj, key) will raise an AttributeError by default."""
        try:
            del obj.__dict__[self.key]
        except KeyError:
            pass
            
    def _get_callable(self, obj):
        if obj._state.has_key(('callable', self)):
            return obj._state[('callable', self)]
        elif self.callable_ is not None:
            return self.callable_(obj)
        else:
            return None
            
    def _blank_list(self):
        if self.typecallable is not None:
            return self.typecallable()
        else:
            return []

    def _adapt_list(self, data):
        if self.typecallable is not None:
            t = self.typecallable()
            if data is not None:
                [t.append(x) for x in data]
            return t
        else:
            return data
            
00153     def initialize(self, obj):
        """initialize this attribute on the given object instance.
        
        if this is a list-based attribute, a new, blank list will be created.
        if a scalar attribute, the value will be initialized to None."""
        if self.uselist:
            l = InstrumentedList(self, obj, self._blank_list())
            obj.__dict__[self.key] = l
            return l
        else:
            obj.__dict__[self.key] = None
            return None
            
00166     def get(self, obj, passive=False, raiseerr=True):
        """retrieves a value from the given object.  if a callable is assembled
        on this object's attribute, and passive is False, the callable will be executed
        and the resulting value will be set as the new value for this attribute."""
        try:
            return obj.__dict__[self.key]
        except KeyError:
            state = obj._state
            # if an instance-wide "trigger" was set, call that
            # and start again
            if state.has_key('trigger'):
                trig = state['trigger']
                del state['trigger']
                trig()
                return self.get(obj, passive=passive, raiseerr=raiseerr)
                    
            if self.uselist:
                callable_ = self._get_callable(obj)
                if callable_ is not None:
                    if passive:
                        return InstrumentedAttribute.PASSIVE_NORESULT
                    self.logger.debug("Executing lazy callable on %s.%s" % (orm_util.instance_str(obj), self.key))
                    values = callable_()
                    l = InstrumentedList(self, obj, self._adapt_list(values), init=False)
                    
                    # if a callable was executed, then its part of the "committed state"
                    # if any, so commit the newly loaded data
                    orig = state.get('original', None)
                    if orig is not None:
                        orig.commit_attribute(self, obj, l)
                    
                else:
                    # note that we arent raising AttributeErrors, just creating a new
                    # blank list and setting it.
                    # this might be a good thing to be changeable by options.
                    l = InstrumentedList(self, obj, self._blank_list(), init=False)
                obj.__dict__[self.key] = l
                return l
            else:
                callable_ = self._get_callable(obj)
                if callable_ is not None:
                    if passive:
                        return InstrumentedAttribute.PASSIVE_NORESULT
                    self.logger.debug("Executing lazy callable on %s.%s" % (orm_util.instance_str(obj), self.key))
                    value = callable_()
                    obj.__dict__[self.key] = value

                    # if a callable was executed, then its part of the "committed state"
                    # if any, so commit the newly loaded data
                    orig = state.get('original', None)
                    if orig is not None:
                        orig.commit_attribute(self, obj)
                    return obj.__dict__[self.key]
                else:
                    # note that we arent raising AttributeErrors, just returning None.
                    # this might be a good thing to be changeable by options.
                    return None
        
00224     def set(self, event, obj, value):
        """sets a value on the given object. 'event' is the InstrumentedAttribute that
        initiated the set() operation and is used to control the depth of a circular setter
        operation."""
        if event is not self:
            state = obj._state
            # if an instance-wide "trigger" was set, call that
            if state.has_key('trigger'):
                trig = state['trigger']
                del state['trigger']
                trig()
            if self.uselist:
                value = InstrumentedList(self, obj, value)
            old = self.get(obj)
            obj.__dict__[self.key] = value
            state['modified'] = True
            if not self.uselist:
                if self.trackparent:
                    if value is not None:
                        self.sethasparent(value, True)
                    if old is not None:
                        self.sethasparent(old, False)
                for ext in self.extensions:
                    ext.set(event or self, obj, value, old)
            else:
                # mark all the old elements as detached from the parent
                old.list_replaced()

00252     def delete(self, event, obj):
        """deletes a value from the given object. 'event' is the InstrumentedAttribute that
        initiated the delete() operation and is used to control the depth of a circular delete
        operation."""
        if event is not self:
            try:
                if not self.uselist and (self.trackparent or len(self.extensions)):
                    old = self.get(obj)
                del obj.__dict__[self.key]
            except KeyError:
                # TODO: raise this?  not consistent with get() ?
                raise AttributeError(self.key)
            obj._state['modified'] = True
            if not self.uselist:
                if self.trackparent:
                    if old is not None:
                        self.sethasparent(old, False)
                for ext in self.extensions:
                    ext.delete(event or self, obj, old)

00272     def append(self, event, obj, value):
        """appends an element to a list based element or sets a scalar based element to the given value.
        Used by GenericBackrefExtension to "append" an item independent of list/scalar semantics.
        'event' is the InstrumentedAttribute that initiated the append() operation and is used to control 
        the depth of a circular append operation."""
        if self.uselist:
            if event is not self:
                self.get(obj).append_with_event(value, event)
        else:
            self.set(event, obj, value)

00283     def remove(self, event, obj, value):
        """removes an element from a list based element or sets a scalar based element to None.
        Used by GenericBackrefExtension to "remove" an item independent of list/scalar semantics.
        'event' is the InstrumentedAttribute that initiated the remove() operation and is used to control 
        the depth of a circular remove operation."""
        if self.uselist:
            if event is not self:
                self.get(obj).remove_with_event(value, event)
        else:
            self.set(event, obj, None)

00294     def append_event(self, event, obj, value):
        """called by InstrumentedList when an item is appended"""
        obj._state['modified'] = True
        if self.trackparent and value is not None:
            self.sethasparent(value, True)
        for ext in self.extensions:
            ext.append(event or self, obj, value)
    
00302     def remove_event(self, event, obj, value):
        """called by InstrumentedList when an item is removed"""
        obj._state['modified'] = True
        if self.trackparent and value is not None:
            self.sethasparent(value, False)
        for ext in self.extensions:
            ext.delete(event or self, obj, value)
InstrumentedAttribute.logger = logging.class_logger(InstrumentedAttribute)
                
00311 class InstrumentedList(object):
    """instruments a list-based attribute.  all mutator operations (i.e. append, remove, etc.) will fire off events to the 
    InstrumentedAttribute that manages the object's attribute.  those events in turn trigger things like
    backref operations and whatever is implemented by do_list_value_changed on InstrumentedAttribute.
    
    note that this list does a lot less than earlier versions of SA list-based attributes, which used HistoryArraySet.  
    this list wrapper does *not* maintain setlike semantics, meaning you can add as many duplicates as 
    you want (which can break a lot of SQL), and also does not do anything related to history tracking.
    
    Please see ticket #213 for information on the future of this class, where it will be broken out into more 
    collection-specific subtypes."""
    def __init__(self, attr, obj, data, init=True):
        self.attr = attr
        # this weakref is to prevent circular references between the parent object
        # and the list attribute, which interferes with immediate garbage collection.
        self.__obj = weakref.ref(obj)
        self.key = attr.key
        self.data = data or attr._blank_list()
        
        # adapt to lists or sets
        # TODO: make three subclasses of InstrumentedList that come off from a 
        # metaclass, based on the type of data sent in
        if hasattr(self.data, 'append'):
            self._data_appender = self.data.append
            self._clear_data = self._clear_list
        elif hasattr(self.data, 'add'):
            self._data_appender = self.data.add
            self._clear_data = self._clear_set
        if isinstance(self.data, dict):
            self._clear_data = self._clear_dict
            
        if init:
            for x in self.data:
                self.__setrecord(x)

00346     def list_replaced(self):
        """fires off delete event handlers for each item in the list but
        doesnt affect the original data list"""
        [self.__delrecord(x) for x in self.data]

00351     def clear(self):
        """clears all items in this InstrumentedList and fires off delete event handlers for each item"""
        self._clear_data()
    def _clear_dict(self):
        [self.__delrecord(x) for x in self.data.values()]
        self.data.clear()
    def _clear_set(self):
        [self.__delrecord(x) for x in self.data]
        self.data.clear()
    def _clear_list(self):
        self[:] = []
        
00363     def __getstate__(self):
        """implemented to allow pickling, since __obj is a weakref, also the InstrumentedAttribute has callables
        attached to it"""
        return {'key':self.key, 'obj':self.obj, 'data':self.data}
00367     def __setstate__(self, d):
        """implemented to allow pickling, since __obj is a weakref, also the InstrumentedAttribute has callables
        attached to it"""
        self.key = d['key']
        self.__obj = weakref.ref(d['obj'])
        self.data = d['data']
        self.attr = getattr(d['obj'].__class__, self.key)
        
    obj = property(lambda s:s.__obj())

00377     def unchanged_items(self):
        """deprecated"""
        return self.attr.get_history(self.obj).unchanged_items
00380     def added_items(self):
        """deprecated"""
        return self.attr.get_history(self.obj).added_items
00383     def deleted_items(self):
        """deprecated"""
        return self.attr.get_history(self.obj).deleted_items

    def __iter__(self):
        return iter(self.data)
    def __repr__(self):
        return repr(self.data)
        
00392     def __getattr__(self, attr):
        """proxies unknown methods and attributes to the underlying
        data array.  this allows custom list classes to be used."""
        return getattr(self.data, attr)

    def __setrecord(self, item, event=None):
        self.attr.append_event(event, self.obj, item)
        return True

    def __delrecord(self, item, event=None):
        self.attr.remove_event(event, self.obj, item)
        return True
        
    def append_with_event(self, item, event):
        self.__setrecord(item, event)
        self._data_appender(item)
        
    def append_without_event(self, item):
        self._data_appender(item)
        
    def remove_with_event(self, item, event):
        self.__delrecord(item, event)
        self.data.remove(item)
            
00416     def append(self, item, _mapper_nohistory=False):
        """fires off dependent events, and appends the given item to the underlying list.
        _mapper_nohistory is a backwards compatibility hack; call append_without_event instead."""
        if _mapper_nohistory:
            self.append_without_event(item)
        else:
            self.__setrecord(item)
            self._data_appender(item)
        
            
    def __getitem__(self, i):
        return self.data[i]
    def __setitem__(self, i, item):
        if isinstance(i, slice):
            self.__setslice__(i.start, i.stop, item)
        else:
            self.__setrecord(item)
            self.data[i] = item
    def __delitem__(self, i):
        if isinstance(i, slice):
            self.__delslice__(i.start, i.stop)
        else:
            self.__delrecord(self.data[i], None)
            del self.data[i]

    def __lt__(self, other): return self.data <  self.__cast(other)
    def __le__(self, other): return self.data <= self.__cast(other)
    def __eq__(self, other): return self.data == self.__cast(other)
    def __ne__(self, other): return self.data != self.__cast(other)
    def __gt__(self, other): return self.data >  self.__cast(other)
    def __ge__(self, other): return self.data >= self.__cast(other)
    def __cast(self, other):
       if isinstance(other, InstrumentedList): return other.data
       else: return other
    def __cmp__(self, other):
       return cmp(self.data, self.__cast(other))
    def __contains__(self, item): return item in self.data
    def __len__(self): return len(self.data)
    def __setslice__(self, i, j, other):
        i = max(i, 0); j = max(j, 0)
        [self.__delrecord(x) for x in self.data[i:]]
        g = [a for a in list(other) if self.__setrecord(a)]
        self.data[i:] = g
    def __delslice__(self, i, j):
        i = max(i, 0); j = max(j, 0)
        for a in self.data[i:j]:
            self.__delrecord(a)
        del self.data[i:j]
    def insert(self, i, item): 
        if self.__setrecord(item):
            self.data.insert(i, item)
    def pop(self, i=-1):
        item = self.data[i]
        self.__delrecord(item)
        return self.data.pop(i)
    def remove(self, item): 
        self.__delrecord(item)
        self.data.remove(item)
    def extend(self, item_list):
        for item in item_list:
            self.append(item)            
    def __add__(self, other):
        raise NotImplementedError()
    def __radd__(self, other):
        raise NotImplementedError()
    def __iadd__(self, other):
        raise NotImplementedError()

00484 class AttributeExtension(object):
    """an abstract class which specifies "append", "delete", and "set" 
    event handlers to be attached to an object property."""
    def append(self, event, obj, child):
        pass
    def delete(self, event, obj, child):
        pass
    def set(self, event, obj, child, oldchild):
        pass
        
00494 class GenericBackrefExtension(AttributeExtension):
    """an extension which synchronizes a two-way relationship.  A typical two-way
    relationship is a parent object containing a list of child objects, where each
    child object references the parent.  The other are two objects which contain 
    scalar references to each other."""
    def __init__(self, key):
        self.key = key
    def set(self, event, obj, child, oldchild):
        if oldchild is child:
            return
        if oldchild is not None:
            getattr(oldchild.__class__, self.key).remove(event, oldchild, obj)
        if child is not None:
            getattr(child.__class__, self.key).append(event, child, obj)
    def append(self, event, obj, child):
        getattr(child.__class__, self.key).append(event, child, obj)
    def delete(self, event, obj, child):
        getattr(child.__class__, self.key).remove(event, child, obj)

00513 class CommittedState(object):
    """stores the original state of an object when the commit() method on the attribute manager
    is called."""
    NO_VALUE = object()
    
    def __init__(self, manager, obj):
        self.data = {}
        for attr in manager.managed_attributes(obj.__class__):
            self.commit_attribute(attr, obj)

00523     def commit_attribute(self, attr, obj, value=NO_VALUE):
        """establish the value of attribute 'attr' on instance 'obj' as "committed". 
        
        this corresponds to a previously saved state being restored. """
        if value is CommittedState.NO_VALUE:
            if obj.__dict__.has_key(attr.key):
                value = obj.__dict__[attr.key]
        if value is not CommittedState.NO_VALUE:
            self.data[attr.key] = attr.copy(value)

            # not tracking parent on lazy-loaded instances at the moment.
            # its not needed since they will be "optimistically" tested
            #if attr.uselist:
                #if attr.trackparent:
                #    [attr.sethasparent(x, True) for x in self.data[attr.key] if x is not None]
            #else:
                #if attr.trackparent and value is not None:
                #    attr.sethasparent(value, True)

    def rollback(self, manager, obj):
        for attr in manager.managed_attributes(obj.__class__):
            if self.data.has_key(attr.key):
                if attr.uselist:
                    obj.__dict__[attr.key][:] = self.data[attr.key]
                else:
                    obj.__dict__[attr.key] = self.data[attr.key]
            else:
                del obj.__dict__[attr.key]
                
    def __repr__(self):
        return "CommittedState: %s" % repr(self.data)

00555 class AttributeHistory(object):
    """calculates the "history" of a particular attribute on a particular instance, based on the CommittedState 
    associated with the instance, if any."""
    def __init__(self, attr, obj, current, passive=False):
        self.attr = attr
            
        # get the "original" value.  if a lazy load was fired when we got
        # the 'current' value, this "original" was also populated just 
        # now as well (therefore we have to get it second)
        orig = obj._state.get('original', None)
        if orig is not None:
            original = orig.data.get(attr.key)
        else:
            original = None

        if attr.uselist:
            self._current = current
        else:
            self._current = [current]
        if attr.uselist:
            s = util.Set(original or [])
            self._added_items = []
            self._unchanged_items = []
            self._deleted_items = []
            if current:
                for a in current:
                    if a in s:
                        self._unchanged_items.append(a)
                    else:
                        self._added_items.append(a)
            for a in s:
                if a not in self._unchanged_items:
                    self._deleted_items.append(a)    
        else:
            if attr.is_equal(current, original):
                self._unchanged_items = [current]
                self._added_items = []
                self._deleted_items = []
            else:
                self._added_items = [current]
                if original is not None:
                    self._deleted_items = [original]
                else:
                    self._deleted_items = []
                self._unchanged_items = []
        #print "key", attr.key, "orig", original, "current", current, "added", self._added_items, "unchanged", self._unchanged_items, "deleted", self._deleted_items
    def __iter__(self):
        return iter(self._current)
    def is_modified(self):
        return len(self._deleted_items) > 0 or len(self._added_items) > 0
    def added_items(self):
        return self._added_items
    def unchanged_items(self):
        return self._unchanged_items
    def deleted_items(self):
        return self._deleted_items
00611     def hasparent(self, obj):
        """deprecated.  this should be called directly from the appropriate InstrumentedAttribute object."""
        return self.attr.hasparent(obj)
        
00615 class AttributeManager(object):
    """allows the instrumentation of object attributes.  AttributeManager is stateless, but can be
    overridden by subclasses to redefine some of its factory operations."""

00619     def rollback(self, *obj):
        """retrieves the committed history for each object in the given list, and rolls back the attributes
        each instance to their original value."""
        for o in obj:
            orig = o._state.get('original')
            if orig is not None:
                orig.rollback(self, o)
            else:
                self._clear(o)
    
    def _clear(self, obj):
        for attr in self.managed_attributes(obj.__class__):
            try:
                del obj.__dict__[attr.key]
            except KeyError:
                pass
                
00636     def commit(self, *obj):
        """creates a CommittedState instance for each object in the given list, representing
        its "unchanged" state, and associates it with the instance.  AttributeHistory objects 
        will indicate the modified state of instance attributes as compared to its value in this 
        CommittedState object."""
        for o in obj:
            o._state['original'] = CommittedState(self, o)
            o._state['modified'] = False
            
00645     def managed_attributes(self, class_):
        """returns an iterator of all InstrumentedAttribute objects associated with the given class."""
        if not isinstance(class_, type):
            raise repr(class_) + " is not a type"
        for key in dir(class_):
            value = getattr(class_, key, None)
            if isinstance(value, InstrumentedAttribute):
                yield value

    def noninherited_managed_attributes(self, class_):
        if not isinstance(class_, type):
            raise repr(class_) + " is not a type"
        for key in list(class_.__dict__):
            value = getattr(class_, key, None)
            if isinstance(value, InstrumentedAttribute):
                yield value
                
    def is_modified(self, object):
        for attr in self.managed_attributes(object.__class__):
            if attr.check_mutable_modified(object):
                return True
        return object._state.get('modified', False)
        
00668     def init_attr(self, obj):
        """sets up the __sa_attr_state dictionary on the given instance.  This dictionary is
        automatically created when the '_state' attribute of the class is first accessed, but calling
        it here will save a single throw of an AttributeError that occurs in that creation step."""
        setattr(obj, '_%s__sa_attr_state' % obj.__class__.__name__, {})

00674     def get_history(self, obj, key, **kwargs):
        """returns a new AttributeHistory object for the given attribute on the given object."""
        return getattr(obj.__class__, key).get_history(obj, **kwargs)

00678     def get_as_list(self, obj, key, passive=False):
        """returns an attribute of the given name from the given object.  if the attribute
        is a scalar, returns it as a single-item list, otherwise returns the list based attribute.
        if the attribute's value is to be produced by an unexecuted callable, 
        the callable will only be executed if the given 'passive' flag is False.
        """
        attr = getattr(obj.__class__, key)
        x = attr.get(obj, passive=passive)
        if x is InstrumentedAttribute.PASSIVE_NORESULT:
            return []
        elif attr.uselist:
            return x
        else:
            return [x]
            
00693     def trigger_history(self, obj, callable):
        """clears all managed object attributes and places the given callable
        as an attribute-wide "trigger", which will execute upon the next attribute access, after
        which the trigger is removed."""
        self._clear(obj)
        try:
            del obj._state['original']
        except KeyError:
            pass
        obj._state['trigger'] = callable

00704     def untrigger_history(self, obj):
        """removes a trigger function set by trigger_history.  does not restore the previous state of the object."""
        del obj._state['trigger']
        
00708     def has_trigger(self, obj):
        """returns True if the given object has a trigger function set by trigger_history()."""
        return obj._state.has_key('trigger')
            
00712     def reset_instance_attribute(self, obj, key):
        """removes any per-instance callable functions corresponding to given attribute key
        from the given object, and removes this attribute from the given object's dictionary."""
        attr = getattr(obj.__class__, key)
        attr.reset(obj)
        
00718     def reset_class_managed(self, class_):
        """removes all InstrumentedAttribute property objects from the given class."""
        for attr in self.noninherited_managed_attributes(class_):
            delattr(class_, attr.key)

00723     def is_class_managed(self, class_, key):
        """returns True if the given key correponds to an instrumented property on the given class."""
        return hasattr(class_, key) and isinstance(getattr(class_, key), InstrumentedAttribute)

00727     def init_instance_attribute(self, obj, key, uselist, callable_=None, **kwargs):
        """initializes an attribute on an instance to either a blank value, cancelling
        out any class- or instance-level callables that were present, or if a callable
        is supplied sets the callable to be invoked when the attribute is next accessed."""
        getattr(obj.__class__, key).set_callable(obj, callable_)
        
00733     def create_prop(self, class_, key, uselist, callable_, typecallable, **kwargs):
        """creates a scalar property object, defaulting to InstrumentedAttribute, which 
        will communicate change events back to this AttributeManager."""
        return InstrumentedAttribute(self, key, uselist, callable_, typecallable, **kwargs)
    
00738     def register_attribute(self, class_, key, uselist, callable_=None, **kwargs):
        """registers an attribute at the class level to be instrumented for all instances
        of the class."""
        #print self, "register attribute", key, "for class", class_
        if not hasattr(class_, '_state'):
            def _get_state(self):
                try:
                    return self.__sa_attr_state
                except AttributeError:
                    self.__sa_attr_state = {}
                    return self.__sa_attr_state
            class_._state = property(_get_state)
        
        typecallable = kwargs.pop('typecallable', None)
        if typecallable is None:
            typecallable = getattr(class_, key, None)
        if isinstance(typecallable, InstrumentedAttribute):
            typecallable = None
        setattr(class_, key, self.create_prop(class_, key, uselist, callable_, typecallable=typecallable, **kwargs))


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